Tuesday, July 7, 2020

Conformity and Rebellion in The Playboy of the Western World - Literature Essay Samples

The Playboy of the Western World is a story about conformity and rebellion towards the law. In the play, Shawn Keogh is the ultra-conservative figure who bows towards the law with deference and meekness. At the other extreme, Christy Mahon is the rebellious figure who rebels against the law by posing himself as the perpetuator of patricide and a criminal of the legal system. In the play, the law is portrayed as an oppressive social institution that stifles the expression of a person’s individuality. The law-abiding Shawn is portrayed as an uninspiring figure whose individuality is totally stifled by the law of society, while the rebellious Christy is portrayed as the flamboyant individualist who exudes vigour and individuality by breaking himself free from the law. By unshackling himself from the legal constraints, Christy develops into a supreme individualist who rises above law and society, while the conservative Shawn possesses no individual character by remaining the slave of the legal system. Through the contrast of the these two characters, the play suggests that Ireland could equally achieve its unique individual character by breaking itself free from the oppressive dominance of the British legal system in the manner of Christy rather than remaining as a passive occupied country which meekly obeys the British law in the manner of Shawn. Shawn is the most law- abiding and god- fearing figure in the play. Throughout the course of the play, Shawn exhibits a deferential attitude towards law and morality. He is the paragon of the law- abiding citizen and is repeatedly described by his entourage as a â€Å"decent man† (13). He is saddled with all sorts of legal and moral obligations and forbids himself to do anything in contradiction to the law. Shawn is totally subjugated to the laws of the church and waits patiently for the holy dispensation from the bishops to get married. He constantly fears of breaking the rules of the church. His deferenc e to the religious authority is such that he fears to be left alone in the company of his fiancà ©e before obtaining a proper legal dispensation from the church. His obedience to the secular criminal law is equally noticeable. Upon learning Christy’s patricide, he is the only person in the play who is not amused by his crime. He immediately identifies Christy as a â€Å"bloody-handed murderer† (20) and a devilish figure, rather than applauding him as the hero of a glorious exploit like everyone else. In the play, Shawn moves strictly within the conventional legal strictures and is hemmed in by both legal and moral constraints. However, rather than applauding Shawn as an exemplary law- abiding citizen, the author portrays him as an insipid and uninspiring figure who is subjugated to the many social institutions such as the law and the church. His slavish subjugation to these social institutions devours his individuality. The audience never witnesses any active expressi on of his individual character; instead, his individuality is entirely expressed through his servile relations to these legal and social institutions. Rather than behaving like a sovereign individual capable of independent feelings and judgment, Shawn resembles a robot who mechanically obeys the dictates of the law, both secular and religious, without any mental reflection on his part. His passive meekness towards the law turns him into a part of the wider moral framework, thus making him the very opposite of an individualist. Through the portrayal of Shawn’s slavish subservience to the law, the law is presented as an oppressive social institution which curtails individual freedom by hindering the expression of one’s individuality.Unlike Shawn, Christy is someone who rises above law and the legal institution. Although Christy starts off as a conventional â€Å"law-fearing man† (20) in the beginning of the play, he chooses to rebel against the law by posing as so meone who has committed patricide. Christy explains his act of murder by telling his audience that he strikes his father in a fit of rage after he forcefully persuades him to marry a certain widow, which he refuses to do. By acting as someone who murders his father in order to defend his freedom and independence, Christy proves himself to be a radical individualist who tramples upon the laws of the coercive legal authority in order to defend his individual sovereignty and freedom. By murdering his father, Christy eliminates the authority figure in his life and is now free to become his own master. Christy poses himself as someone who believes in radical personal freedom and who is willing to break the legal strictures in order to achieve it. After he defies the law by committing his imaginary crime, Christy develops greatly as an individual. The sexually timid and cowardly Christy who has once been the â€Å"fool of men† (58) and the â€Å"laughing joke of every female woman † (49) develops into a â€Å"champion of the world† (58) who exudes confidence and swaggers with self-assurance. The Christy who once hid himself at the sight of women now wins all the sports and pursues Pegeen with boldness. Christy’s astonishing development illustrates the oppressiveness of the legal institution. It is only through the breaking of the law does Christy truly unleashes his individuality and develops into a full person. Christy liberates himself from the oppressiveness of the law by unshackling himself from the legal constraints, thus transforming himself into an emancipated individualist who is free from legal coercion, and who is at liberty to develop his individuality to the full. By acting as someone who breaks the law and detaches himself from the wider moral framework of society, Christy is transformed into a supreme individualist. The breaking of the law enables Christy to rise above fettering constraints of law and society, rather than bec oming the law’s obedient slave in the manner of the conservative Shawn. The Irish community in the play initially presents itself as law-abiding society. The audience learns from Michael that the consumers of the liquor house are all â€Å"bona fide† (14), which shows the community’s respect for the law. However, the community quickly reveals a rebellious law-breaking spirit beneath its law-abiding faà §ade. When Christy reveals himself to the community as the perpetuator of patricide, the people of the community applaud him to the skies as the gallant hero of a glorious deed. Rather than delivering Christy to the police, the people regard the illegal act of patricide as a grand action. As one member of the community puts it, the man who dares to break the law by killing his father â€Å"would face a foxy devil with a pitchpike on the flags of hell† (19). The community’s deep admiration for Christy’s crime clearly reveals its hidden law-b reaking spirit. In the play, the police are referred as the â€Å"peelers†, after the English Prime Minister Robert Peel who created the justice system. This shows that Ireland is an occupied land and that the police are working under the British legal system by â€Å"selling judgments of the English law† (37). The entire legal system is thus an instrument of foreign oppression. By breaking the law, Christy can almost be seen as someone who bravely resists the oppressive British legal system. In this way, the breaking of the law is transformed into a virtue. Breaking the law means the defying of authority, which is what Ireland needs to do if it wants to free itself from British rule and become sovereign once more. It is no wonder that Christy’s act of resistance against the legal authority should receive such rapturous applause from the community. Just as Christy achieves his individuality by â€Å"breaking† the law, the author seems to suggest that Irel and could equally achieve its unique individuality by breaking itself free from the British legal system through active rebellion. Just as Christy’s act of rebellion turns him into the â€Å"master of all fights† (80) at the end of the play, Ireland could shake off the yoke of foreign oppression and become its own master by striking down the British authority figure in the manner that Christy strikes down his father. The Playboy of the Western World is celebration of the courageous and rebellious spirit who dares to strike down the law and authority. The Irish community living under the oppression of foreign rule is quick to lionize the father murdering Christy because he possesses the will and the energy to defy the forces of authority, which is exactly the kind of people that Ireland needs if Ireland intends to be free and independent once more. The law is an instrument of colonial oppression; therefore, for Ireland to become sovereign again, its people must learn to break the British law and to strike down the authority figure in the manner of the father murdering Christy. Ireland can choose to become free and individualist by defying the legal authority in the manner of Christy, or it can choose to remain subservient to the British law in the manner of Shawn. Even though the community ultimately loses its courage towards law-breaking at the end of the play and threatens to deliver Christy to the police, the Irish community’s psychological disposition towards rebellion has been clearly demonstrated through its deep admiration towards Christy’s crime. Just as Michael puts it, it is better for his grandchildren to grow up like â€Å"little gallant swearers† (71) like Christy who exude vigour and rebellious spirit, than to become the â€Å"puny weeds† (71) in the like of Shawn who can only bow down meekly to the oppressive legal authority by remaining a passive law-abiding citizen in an occupied land. Works CitedSynge , M, John. The Complete Plays of John M. Synge. New York: Vintage Books, 1960.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

School Safety And Security Has Been An Issue On Many...

Beginning at the turn of the century, school safety and security has been an issue on many administrators’ minds. There have been over one hundred and forty school shootings since the turn of the century and the whole country is on watch. The most recent event at Sandy Hook made the citizens of America plead with the government for stricter laws, and safer schools. Is the Government doing enough to provide the right schools with the right resources? In April 1999, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold walked into Columbine high school and opened fire. The two seniors students killed thirteen people, and injured twenty-two before turning the guns on themselves. This tragic massacre was the first event of its kind that attracted widespread media coverage. Since the event, there have been over one hundred and forty such school shootings. Many people debate weather the government is doing enough to impede school shootings. After the Sandy Hook tragedy, President Obama said â€Å"We won ’t be able to stop every violent act, but if there is even one thing that we can do to prevent any of these events, we have a deep obligation, all of us, to try†(whitehouse.gov.) Which sparked â€Å"Now is the time† which was proposed by Vice President Biden to President Obama. â€Å"Now is the time† is a multistep plan to reduce such events. First, the President urged congress to pass legislation to prevent sales of firearms without a background check. Second, he urged a stronger background check system, such asShow MoreRelatedSchool Security Issues And Outcomes1055 Words   |  5 Pages School Security Issues and Outcomes Brenda Colon-Santos ¬Ã‚ ¬ University of Central Florida â€Æ' Abstract This paper explores security issues among every school in the nation. Although, several schools have taken steps to make their school safer. Some fear that it is not enough, while others feel they have done too much. 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Called the College and University Security Act, the act required that PA institutions must report statistics of crime, provide detailed descriptions of policies concerning safety and security, and keep an openRead MoreSchool Uniforms: Dealing With Discrimination Upholding Individuality1647 Words   |  7 PagesHigh School Musical, one flip on Seventeen Magazine, and one walk at a school hallway are all it takes to make a student be aware of how hell it feels like to be stared at and insulted by the other students if he/she wears this humongous thick glasses, knee-high socks, and clothes repeated last week. Media has influenced a lot of today’s trends and ideologies. Adolescents, being on the psychological level of self-identification, bring this perspective of fashion and social classes at school. 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Business Strategy Impact On Success †Get a Complete Solution

Question: LO1 Understand the process of strategic planning, 1.1 Assess how business missions, visions, objectives, goals and core competencies inform strategic planning 1.2 Analyse the factors that have to be considered when formulating strategic plans 1.3 Evaluate the effectiveness of techniques used when developing strategic business plans LO2 Be able to formulate a new strategy 2.1 Analyse the strategic positioning of a given organisation by carrying out an organisational audit 2.2 Carry out an environmental audit for a given organisation. 2.3 Assess the significance of stakeholder analysis when formulating new strategy 2.4 Present a new strategy for a given organisation LO3 Understand approaches to strategy evaluation and selection 3.1 Analyse the appropriateness of alternative strategies relating to market entry, substantive growth, limited growth or retrenchment for a given organisation 3.2 Justify the selection of a strategy LO4 Understand how to implement a chosen strategy. 4.1 Assess the roles and responsibilities of personnel who are charged with strategy implementation 4.2 Analyse the estimated resource requirements for implementing a new strategy for a given organisation 4.3 Evaluate the contribution of SMART targets to the achievement of strategy implementation in a given organisation. Answer: Introduction As a member of the Strategic Management Team (SMT) of Tesco PLC, a report is framed for the company to remain competitive. The aim of this report is to help Tesco address the consumer needs and demands with the changing preferences and competitiveness in the future. Strategic planning is beneficial for any organization. Assessment of Business Strategy Business Mission and Vision Tesco is a global grocery and merchandise retailer headquartered in UK. The business is spread in more than 11 countries with over 480,000 colleagues (Tesco plc 2016). The mission statement of Tesco is to create value for its customers and earn their lifetime loyalty. The vision is to be most highly valued by the customers, communities, loyal and committed staff and shareholders. Tesco also aims to be a growth company through its modern and innovative skills (Tarata 2013). Goals and objectives Tesco has a few goals and objectives such as: To become a healthy place to work for its employees. It targets to be the champion for its customers by providing them a better quality of life. The company aims to understand its customers, earn respect for their values, recognize customers, upgrade existing stores and increase profitability (Tesco plc 2016). Core competencies Firstly, Tesco is renowned for its customer focused strategy. Tesco has a club card reward scheme that helps in understanding the customers well. Tesco provides quality products at a low price. Secondly, Tesco has efficient supply chain systems through online as well as retail stores. Thirdly, Tesco has high values and commitment towards the employees. It establishes strong leadership in the food retailing industry (Zhao 2014). Analysis of factors Various factors must be considered by Tesco to formulate a suitable strategic plan: Engagement: All levels of the employees in the organization needs to be engaged for additional input and increasing the success rate of strategy execution. Communication: The top level management must communicate the strategic plans and receive their views by the way of meetings or feedback surveys. Innovation: It is necessary to initiate innovative processes to reshape the organization. Project Management: The strategy needs to be identified and prioritized so that efficient execution of the strategy can be done. Culture: The culture of Tesco is the common beliefs, attitudes and behaviours of the employees. If the employees consider the change to be in their favour, they will support change and growth can occur easily (Beringer, Jonas and Kock 2013). Evaluation of effectiveness of techniques Various factors would affect the effectiveness of techniques when developing strategic business plans of Tesco. According to the current strategic business plan of Tesco, different market strategies would be required to satisfy different market segments. Significant market research in the context of consumer behaviour, competitive environment and buying pattern needs to be analysed. There is a requirement of a large amount of finance and personnel. For establishing value addition centre for Tesco, various difficulties would be faced. The personnel need to be continuously trained so that efficient operations run in Tesco (East, Wright and Vanhuele 2013). Formulation of New Strategy Enclosed Presentation Approaches to Strategy Evaluation and Selection Analysis of strategies Various strategies are analysed in this section as alternative options for Tesco. The best strategies out of every approach are selected. Market entry- There are various possible market entry strategies such as a merger, strategic alliance, franchising, licensing, organic growth or acquisition. Out of the available options, Tesco can opt for franchising and strategic alliances. These strategies would help Tesco in creating a presence in foreign markets. Through the strategic alliance, Tesco could gain knowledge of overseas market (Lowe, George and Alexy 2012). Substantive growth- There are various possible strategies for substantive growth such as vertical integration, horizontal integration, related diversification or unrelated diversification. Out of the above-stated strategies, Tesco may adopt vertical integration as Tesco has its logistics. Tesco can consider developing their packaged brand (Gabrielsson and Gabrielsson 2013). Limited Growth- There are four main strategies for limited growth- market development, market penetration, innovation and product development. Tesco may consider adopting for product development and innovation strategy. Tesco may consider developing new product line for lifestyle products as it is used by consumers every day. As innovation strategy, Tesco needs to adopt technology that may reduce the requirement of personnel at retail stores (Bhatnagar, Nikolaeva and Ghose 2014). Retrenchment- There are three retrenchment strategies such as divestment, turnaround or and liquidation. Tesco may adopt these strategies for slashing cost and enhancing economies of scale (Gabrielsson and Gabrielsson 2013). Justification of Strategy Depending upon the new strategy for developing Tesco a strong brand globally, Tesco may consider getting into urban markets as small size stores. Establishing stores as small size, new market segments can be targeted that do not exist in Tesco portfolio yet. Strategic alliances can be formed through local retailers for enhancing their presence with small size areas. Tesco must aim to understand the feedback from consumers in the newly opened small size urban stores. If there is a positive response from consumers, Tesco may adopt such model in the long run. There is a need to develop new goals with the small size urban store concept while strengthening brand image. These strategies would increase sales revenue and profitability at the same time (Gabrielsson and Gabrielsson 2013). Implementation of Chosen Strategy Based on the suitable strategy selected in the previous sections, a detailed discussion is made on the roles and responsibilities. Assessment of roles and responsibilities The management comprising of Board of Directors play a primary role as they allocate roles and responsibilities. The market researcher must focus on meeting newly defined strategies. The manager is responsible for looking at the various strategic groups in Tesco. The key demands of customers must be identified. The market researcher must research specific demands or trends prevalent in the market and report to the manager. The manager is responsible for assigning goals and targets to the employees based on this research. There are various departments at Tesco responsible for managing operations, finance, human resources and marketing. The finance controller is responsible for making a budget for the defined market entry or development strategies. The marketing department must devise innovative marketing campaigns for gaining the attention of consumers and increasing sales revenue (Meredith and Mantel 2012). Analysis of estimated resource requirements Tesco needs to make an estimate of resources for implementing the new strategy. Cost evaluation would help in assessing gains and losses for execution or implementation of strategy. Large amounts of financial, human and tangible resources are required for implementation of strategy. The financial resources would be required in form of cash, equity and bank loans. These financial resources would be used to meet direct costs for personnel and physical resources. The human resources would be required for functioning and expanding the store locations. The human resource can be outsourced in the local areas for the establishment of small size stores. The physical resources include IT system, furniture and fixtures, building. The finance would also be used to pay staffing, electricity, property tax, maintenance, telephone, stationery and other costs required for the new strategy (Armstrong and Armstrong 2011). Contribution of SMART targets The SMART targets of Tesco are stated as under: To develop more than 700 stores within the next year for expansion in market To improve brand reputation with integrated marketing communications within six months The timescale has been framed for Tesco to achieve targets as under: Quarter 1- Tesco must bring its new strategy for implementation and frame the potential outcomes. The concept of small size stores can be assessed through consumer feedback thereby improving brand reputation at the same time. Quarter 2- Tesco needs to develop its products through innovation and penetrate into new markets. The success of stores can be monitored through the difference in sales revenue (Evans and Mason 2015). Quarter 3- Tesco needs to assess the expected and actual outcomes of the newly implemented strategy. The gap in expectations and outcomes must be recognized. Quarter 4- Tesco must conduct training sessions for its employees to meet the organizational goals, objectives and mission. Quarter 5- Finally, the strategies that need to be modified based on the year result must be conducted at this stage (Evans and Mason 2015). Conclusion The above paper explores the business strategy for Tesco to maintain its competitive position in the market. The importance of strategic planning through identification of mission, goals and objectives are determined. The importance of stakeholders is further identified. The new target of Tesco is recognized as development of small size urban stores to attract new consumer market segment. References Armstrong, M. and Armstrong, M., 2011.Armstrong's handbook of strategic human resource management. London: Kogan Page. BBC News, 2012.Tesco unveils profits rise and 1bn investment in UK - BBC News. [online] Available at: https://www.bbc.com/news/business-17752194 [Accessed 3 Mar. 2016]. Beringer, C., Jonas, D. and Kock, A., 2013. Behavior of internal stakeholders in project portfolio management and its impact on success.International Journal of Project Management, 31(6), pp.830-846. Bhatnagar, A., Nikolaeva, R. and Ghose, S., 2014. Online Market Entry: The Motivations for Imitation across Retailer Types.Managerial and Decision Economics, 37(3), pp.151-166. East, R., Wright, M. and Vanhuele, M., 2013.Consumer behaviour. Los Angeles: Sage Publications. Evans, B. and Mason, R., 2015.The lean supply chain. London (GB) [etc.]: Kogan Page. Gabrielsson, P. and Gabrielsson, M., 2013. A dynamic model of growth phases and survival in international business-to-business new ventures: The moderating effect of decision-making logic.Industrial Marketing Management, 42(8), pp.1357-1373. Lowe, M., George, G. and Alexy, O., 2012. Organizational identity and capability development in internationalization: transference, splicing and enhanced imitation in Tesco's US market entry.Journal of Economic Geography, 12(5), pp.1021-1054. Macdonald, R., 2013.Global corporate social responsibility of tesco (grocery retailer, uk). [Place of publication not identified]: Grin Verlag. Meredith, J. and Mantel, S., 2012.Project management. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. Mullin, G., 2015.Aldi beats Tesco to become eighth-biggest retail brand in the WORLD. [online] Mail Online. Available at: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3099435/Aldi-beats-mighty-Tesco-eighth-biggest-retail-brand-WORLD-valued-7-6-billion.html [Accessed 3 Mar. 2016]. Tarata, C., 2013.From vision, mission and values to KPIs at Tesco. [online] Performancemagazine.org. Available at: https://www.performancemagazine.org/from-vision-mission-and-values-to-kpis-at-tesco/ [Accessed 3 Mar. 2016]. Tesco plc, 2016.Tesco plc. [online] Available at: https://www.tescoplc.com/ [Accessed 3 Mar. 2016]. Tesco plc, 2016.Tesco plc. [online] Available at: https://www.tescoplc.com/index.asp?pageid=10 [Accessed 3 Mar. 2016]. Zhao, S., 2014. Analyzing and Evaluating Critically Tescos Current Operations Management.Journal of Management and Sustainability, 4(4).

Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Walt Disney a Short Biography Essay Example

Walt Disney: a Short Biography Essay Walt Disney: A Short Biography Walt Disney was a man with a vision. I have chosen Walt Disney because of his contribution to the history of the United States of America. He is a legend, and a hero to some. The Disney name has come to represent creation, optimism, and creation. Walt completely changed the film industry and a television pioneer, and he helped the country create a much greater appreciation for family morals and values. Walt Disney was born in Chicago Illinois to his parents Elias and Flora Disney on December 5th 1901. Walt was one of five children. Right after Walt was born the family moved to Missouri to the town of Marceline. Walt lived most of his childhood in this town. At a very young age had an interest in art, he would spend hours drawing and sketching, and would even try to make a little money by selling his artwork to neighbors. When he reached 15 he started to pursue his art career by attending McKinley High school in Chicago where he studied photography and art. Times were always a little tough for the Disney family. Walt’s father was a very stern man, and since there was often little money made matters even worse at times. Although times were always a little tough Walt’s mother always encouraged Walt and his brother Roy to pursue their talents as artists. At the age of 16 Walt tried to enlist in the military, he was rejected because he was underage, but that did not stop Walt. Walt then joined the Red Cross and was then sent overseas to France. Walt spent a year in France chauffeuring around Red Cross officials helping the war effort and also driving an ambulance. We will write a custom essay sample on Walt Disney: a Short Biography specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Walt Disney: a Short Biography specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Walt Disney: a Short Biography specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The ambulance that Walt drove was covered from front to back in cartoons that Walt had drew and sketched. After returning to the United States from France, Walt began to pursue a career in commercial art. He started a small company by the name of â€Å"Laugh-O-Grams† which failed. He then traveled to Hollywood with 20 dollars and a suitcase full of clothes to try to start again. Once in Hollywood he had a break with his â€Å"Alice Comedies†, and soon became a recognized figure in Hollywood, soon after Walt married a woman by the name of Lillian Bounds in 1925. Lillian was one of Walt’s first employees and soon after they had two daughters by the names of Diane and Sharon. In 1932 Walt created a production called â€Å"Flowers and Trees† which was the first ever color cartoon and won Walt’s studio its first academy award. He released another color cartoon in 1937 called â€Å"The Old Mill† which was the first short cartoon to utilize the â€Å"multi-plane camera technique†. Later that year Walt released â€Å"Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs† which was the first ever full length musical animated movie. The movie was a huge success and earned a staggering $1, 499, 000 dollars in the middle of the depression. Today snow white is still considered one of the greatest movies of all time because of how it has lasted throughout the years. During the next five years Walt Disney Studios released other classics such as Pinocchio, Fantasia, Dumbo, and Bambi. With the success of Walt Disney Studios, Walt had another dream, and that dream was to create a clean, family friendly and organized amusement park. His dream soon became true when Disneyland opened its doors in the summer of 1955. Walt also became a television pioneer with television production starting in 1954 and was the one of the first to offer color programming with the â€Å"Wonderful World of Color† which aired in 1961. Walt Disney was a true American pioneer and success. A man that would not accept failure as an option, embraced the American tradition brought the future to us with his films. His legacy lives on till this day and will most likely continue on into the future.

Monday, March 16, 2020

5 Common Errors in Punctuating Appositives

5 Common Errors in Punctuating Appositives 5 Common Errors in Punctuating Appositives 5 Common Errors in Punctuating Appositives By Mark Nichol An appositive is a word or phrase that refers to the same idea as another word or phrase in proximity. The phrase â€Å"my friend John† contains two appositives, because â€Å"my friend† and â€Å"John† are two ways of identifying that person I know well. For many writers, how to punctuate appositives is problematic. Here are some erroneous uses of punctuation with appositives: 1. â€Å"My sister Jane is a pain.† Whether this sentence is correct or not, actually, depends on specific knowledge: Does the writer have more than one sister? If so, the sentence is correct. If not, this sister’s name should be set off by commas, and a clarifying modifier like older (unless there are two or more sisters of greater age) preceding her name would be helpful. If you’re editing such a sentence, and you don’t have details, it’s best to omit commas. (Traditionally, father or mother would imply that the person in question is in a class all by himself or herself, necessitating commas, but it’s possible to have more than one of each.) 2. â€Å"This year’s spotlights include a tribute to Asian American film legend, Anna May Wong.† If the sentence referred restrictively to â€Å"the first Asian American movie star, Anna May Wong† (she is the only person in the class â€Å"first Asian American movie star†), the comma would be correct. But the adjectival phrase â€Å"Asian American film legend† is merely what is called a temporary epithet; it could refer to other people as well. The error perhaps derives from confusion with the correct construction â€Å"Anna May Wong, the Asian American film legend.† But as is, the sentence should have no comma. 3. â€Å"The typical manufacturing worker earned $44,680 last year, according to the New York-based research firm, Towers Perrin.† This error mirrors that in the preceding example; it can afflict references to inanimate entities as well as descriptions of people. The comma preceding the firm’s name erroneously implies that only one New York-based research firm exists, and it is therefore erroneous (unless there was a previous reference, not by name, to the specific company). 4. â€Å"The crowd was being seated for the performance artist’s newest show Say No More.† The opposite problem is on display here. The phrase â€Å"newest show† restricts the show title; only one show by the performance artist can be his or her newest, so a restrictive comma after show is necessary. The phrase â€Å"the performance artist’s show Say No More,† however, includes no qualifiers and therefore requires no comma. 5. â€Å"I read the book, The Chicago Manual of Style, from cover to cover in one sitting.† In trumpeting this masochistic achievement, the writer is suggesting that the volume in question is the only one in existence; it is â€Å"the book.† But bibliophiles have other options, so the writer should respect that fortunate fact by omitting both commas from this sentence. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Punctuation category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:7 Examples of Passive Voice (And How To Fix Them)Latin Plural Endings5 Examples of Misplaced Modifiers

Saturday, February 29, 2020

6 Ways For Freshman To Get On Track In The New Year

Even though many people heralded in the new year with the popular mantra, â€Å"New Year, New Me†, many high school students may find that their lives have remained essentially the same after the new year, especially when it comes to school and the upcoming spring semester. After all, even though it’s a new year, high school students are in the same school with the same people, most of the same classes, and most of the same teachers. For some freshman, the idea of another semester of the same old same old can be downright terrifying. Many freshmen have almost everything figured out by the time their spring semester starts. They have good grades, a good GPA, a healthy social life, extracurriculars, etc. On the other hand, some students find that freshman year is a tough adjustment, and they may be struggling on into the spring semester. It makes sense. When you enter 9th grade, you’re bombarded with more rigorous academic requirements and pressure and a completely different social scene than middle school. If you’re a high school freshman who finds themselves still struggling with and getting used to high school, the new year provides a unique opportunity for you to get yourself back on track. Here are some ways for you to make a positive change for yourself this semester. Yes, classes in high school are harder than they were in middle school, and they usually require a different approach to studying and learning the material. However, as a result of the increased level of difficulty, there are usually more ways for you to get academic help if you are struggling. Take some time during this semester to figure out what your academic resources are. Here are some resources to look out for: These are great academic resources, but we at understand that students sometimes struggle with social or mental health issues as well. Well, there are plenty of resources in high school for those too. If you feel overwhelmed, discouraged, or depressed as a result of your freshman year experience, we at highly suggest that you talk to somebody you trust and work out a plan with them to get you back on track. This can be a guidance counselor, a teacher you trust, a parent/guardian, a friend, a member of your community, or anyone that you think will listen and be able to help. There are more people looking out for you than you probably think. Unlike in middle school, you are now expected to come to a teacher yourself or figure things out for yourself if you don’t understand an academic concept or find yourself struggling in class. While teachers will be more than willing to help you if you approach them, they won’t slow down their class for you or go out of their way to see if you need help like they may have in middle school. The sooner you realize that the sooner you can take action and help get your academics back on track. Also unlike middle school, the grading system in high school is sometimes stricter, so it’s worth taking the time to understand how it works sooner rather than later. Some of your classes may have completely different grading systems, which means that you need to prioritize assignments for each class completely differently. You also may notice stricter policies like â€Å"late work gets a 0† and â€Å"If you are absent, you have X days to make up an assignment†. It’s not impossible to understand and follow these new academic standards once you know them. Sure, it’s an adjustment, but if you set high expectations for yourself this year, you’ll find that you can get all of your academic work done, perhaps even with time to spare. When you are stuck in a building with the same people for 8 hours a day and 5 days a week, social groups and cliques naturally form, and sometimes a hierarchy develops. While you may have been used to the social scene in middle school, high school is a whole different beast. When you enter high school, you’ve gone from being a big fish in a small pond in middle school to a small fish in a huge pond in high school. You’re the youngest students, and the students in other grade levels aren’t just older than you anymore. They’re adults: they drive, they have jobs, they’re dealing with real-world problems like applying to college. It can be different and perhaps a little intimidating to be in such a new atmosphere. Every high school has a different social scene, and you’ll get used to yours soon enough. The key to feeling comfortable in this new environment, however, is to find a group of friends to experience it with. Odds are, your friends are thinking the same things you are about your school and your classmates. Talk to them about it. It could be a bonding experience, and it could make you all feel a little bit better about your current situation. You may also consider immersing yourself in the social culture at your high school. If the big activity at your school is football games, find a friend and go see what it’s like. If it’s the Homecoming Dance, find a group and go! The more you participate, the more people you are likely to meet, and the more comfortable you might feel in your school. Our Early Advising Program helps students in 9th and 10th grade discover their passions and build strong academic and extracurricular profiles to succeed in high school. Many freshmen make the mistake of thinking that they can take on the world when they enter high school by taking AP classes right away, joining a bunch of extracurriculars, etc. While taking on a bunch of responsibilities may have been possible in middle school when extracurriculars required less commitment and classes were easier, the same number of commitments can seem overwhelming in high school. Take a beat during the remainder of your freshman year and make sure that you’re not putting too much on your plate. If you find that you’re not able to get 7-8 hours of sleep, you don’t have time to take breaks during a school day, you’re not finishing all of your work, or overall you’re not maintaining healthy habits, you’ve definitely got too much on your plate. Make sure that starting this year you make a conscious effort to maintain healthy habits. Every day, you should spend at least a couple of minutes to relax, destress, and do a mental health check. You’d be amazed how much happier you are when you are living right. The easiest way to feel like you are a part of the school community is to join clubs and organizations at your school. There, you will probably make friends and expand your social circle. You will also be doing something positive on behalf of your school, which may give you a sense of identity or attachment to the school. Freshman year is the time to explore the different clubs and organizations at your school so that you can explore your options, make a lot of friends, and narrow down the extracurriculars that you want to continue throughout high school and gain leadership positions in. Try to join things that you have a passion for, but also try to get involved in activities that you may not have picked for yourself before this year just to try something new. Who knows? You may love it. If you find that one of your passions or interests is not represented at your school, don’t be afraid to take a bold move and start a club of your own! If you need help doing that, check out How To Start a Club in High School. High school is a time when many students find their voice and build up the confidence to speak up for themselves. If you haven’t been verbally advocating for yourself, whether it be through communicating with your teachers when you need help on an assignment or communicating with your friends when you need to talk about something, now would be a good time to start. Don’t forget that you are almost an adult. Now is the time to build that confidence to speak up for yourself. You’d be amazed how much you are going to need that in college and beyond. In the long run, organization skills are also important to have. As classes get harder and your responsibilities build, you’re going to need to make sure that you have all of your materials, papers, assignments, and study resources neatly organized so that you don’t have to waste time trying to figure out where you put everything. You should seriously consider investing in organizational materials like binders, notebooks, file folders, and a planner/calendar to keep a mental check on all of your tasks and assignments. For more help navigating your freshman year of high school, read through these previous blog posts: Still feel like you need a little boost? Check out ’s Neer Peer Mentorship Program , where you will be matched with a successful college student who is on the same path as you are when it comes to your academic, career, and college goals. This mentor will meet with you and your parents to provide helpful advice on all topics from college admissions to career goals, and they’ll make sure that you are poised to succeed throughout high school.